Among the provisional and derogatory measures implemented by Presidential Decree No. 09/20 and Decree-Law no. 50/20, we would like to further highlight, the following:

  • Compulsory quarantine, either in an institution or at home, is imposed on patients with COVID-19 as well as on any citizens ordered to remain under active surveillance by the proper health authorities;

  • Special duty of protection and restrictions of circulation in public spaces and streets for those over 65 years of age and for immunosuppressed and chronically ill persons who should be considered risk groups according to the guidelines of the health authority;
  • Restrictions to the freedom of movement and loitering of persons on public roads, civic duty of home confinement , without prejudice to movements for professional purposes, acquisition of essential services and goods , and assistance to dependant persons , during which the recommendations and orders determined by the health authorities and the security forces must be respected, particularly with regard to remoteness, sanitization, restriction of groups of more than two persons (with the exception of children under their care);
  • Travel of citizens with special protection duties outside the municipality of residence for any of the purposes allowed under Decree-Law 51/20 is subject to the prior authorization of the SNPCB;
  • Restriction of the circulation of vehicles, which may only circulate for the realization of urgent and necessary movements identified by law or for refuelling at gas stations;
  • General shutdown of cultural, sports, leisure and entertainment facilities and establishments;
  • Other companies authorised to operate, including public or private companies, or central and local government services, should prioritise alternative teleworking or similar mechanisms, regardless of employment relationship and where work duties so allow; Mandatory provision of essential or priority services by commercial banks and similar, social security and post offices with uninterrupted service until 3 pm. These services and, in general, services to the public, namely hospitals, healthcare centers, clinics, pharmacies, are under the obligation of ensuring that the health and hygiene security measures provided for by law are complied with and respected both inside and upon access to their facilities, through a queue management system and procedures, further imposing a minimum safety distance upon access to the facilities.
  • Restriction on the operation of restaurant services, which may only operate by home delivery or take away until 9pm;
  • Maintenance of the e-commerce services operating hours and home delivery between 8am and 9.30pm;
  • Restriction of the activity of the services of supply, distribution, sale and supply of food, including bakeries, including hygiene and cleaning and other essential goods until 8pm.
  • Duty to comply with the safety and hygiene rules in commercial or service establishments that maintain their activity;
  • Priority attention to personnel subject to a special protection duty, as well as to health professionals, members of the security, civil protection and rescue forces and services, personnel of the armed forces and the provision of social support services;
  • Prohibition of religious celebrations and other worship events involving public gatherings in the municipalities of Praia, Ribeira Grande de Santiago and São Domingos, without such restriction to other municipalities, subject to compliance with the recommendations of the health authorities and by an occupancy of 1/3 of the capacity of the place of worship;
  • Holding of funerals conditioned to the adoption of organizational measures to ensure that there are no people gatherings, a maximum of 20, and the control of safety distances;

Decree-Law 49/20 specifically provides for the survival of certain movement restriction and social distancing measures after the expiry of this new extension of the State of Emergency, namely:

a) international and inter-island maritime and flight connections remain forbidden, with the derogations provided for by law;
b) no public events can be held, either in open or enclosed spaces, regardless of their nature;
c) restaurants, bars and terraces must close at 9.00pm and their seating capacity must be reduced by 1/3, with a total ban on consumption in open-air premises;
d) all night-time entertainment establishments, including nightclubs and similar establishments, as well as fitness centers, gyms, martial arts and gym academies and the like must remain closed.

Visits to nursing homes and centers for the elderly, to hospitals and other health care establishments and to prisons remain restricted, and the rules on the organization of public services in connection with queueing and the imposition of a minimum safety distance remain in place.

These measures came into force at 0.00am on 18 April and will remain in place across the national territory. The measures will be lifted stepwise in accordance with the progress of the epidemiological situation on each island.

In the context of re-establishing social interaction, focusing on all activities of an economic or public service nature that imply proximity to other people, the following measures approved by Decree-Law 47/2020 of 25 April 2020 ("Decree-Law 47/20") should be highlighted, concerning the organization of public services and the regular and compulsory sanitization of customer and public service spaces, to be carried out by the managing or owning entities, under the supervision of the health and civil protection authorities:

a)       Compulsory wearing of face masks in enclosed spaces with multiple people, in particular for workers in the public and private sectors whose duties involve direct contact with the public, as well as the users and clients of such services. The masks, when mandatory, are considered a working tool and, as such, should be guaranteed free of charge to workers and service providers, in quantity and typology that comply with the rules provided for in Decree-Law no. 47/20, particularly with regard to their durability;

b)      Compulsory provision in the workplace of hygiene materials, free of charge, namely liquid soap or bar soap, 70% or 96% alcohol;

c)       Compulsory installation of transparent barriers for separation between users and workers in services to the public;

d)      Special rules for the functioning of the services, namely regarding meetings in person, which should be avoided by holding of meetings through other means;

e)      Installation of permanent screening stations at ports and airports of the country and carrying out health checks on all passengers, regardless of their origin;

f)        The institutions referred to in the diploma are under the obligation of refusing assistance to its users who do not wear the appropriate masks, or refuse to use them when made available by the entity providing the public service, with the exception of emergency services in health establishments.

Failure to comply with the rules set out in Decree-Law 47/20 will give rise to disciplinary proceedings (for public institutions), fines ranging from CVE 15,000 to CVE 500,000 and/or, in the event of persisting non-compliance, suspension of activity, business or establishment closure, or cancellation of the license (in the case of companies and other commercial and industrial establishments).

These rules came into force on April 26, with the exception of those concerning inspection, sanctions and non-compliance, which only come into force on May 25.


This information is being updated on a regular basis.

All information contained herein  and all opinions expressed are of a general nature and are not intended to substitute recourse to expert legal advice for the resolution of real cases.